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How to Choose the Best Solar Water Pump




History of water pumps

History allows us to appreciate how far we’ve come in terms of innovation and technological developments. The water pump, in particular, dates as far as 2000 BC when it was only but a rudimentary appliance used by Egyptians to fetch water from wells.

Today, they are an essential part of our lives. The first pumps were very simple in design. They relied on human strength since there was no electricity then. The very first pump was known as the Shadoof. It featured a simple bucket tied to a rope that was used to get water from wells.

It was not until 1593 that a simple design of the gear pump was invented by a Frenchman called Nicolas Grollier de Serviere. Pappenheim, a German engineer, improved on the design in 1636, leading to the creation of the deep-toothed, double rotary gear pump.

The centrifugal pump is the most common water pump used today. It dates as far as the 17th Century. It was invented by a Frenchman called Denis Papin. He used a motor and drainage vanes to pull water via suction force.

In 1698, Thomas Avery built the savery pump – a water pump that used steam to create a vacuum that could pull water. Since then, several other pumps have come to fruition including the axial flow pump, jet pump, electromagnetic pumps, and submersible water pumps.

There are mainly two types of solar water pumps: surface solar pumps and submersible solar pumps. The former are built to operate above ground and pump water through pipes. They are suitable where the maximum depth doesn’t exceed 50 meters. Submersible water pumps are built to operate below the ground level. They are used in wells to pump water from a maximum depth of 20 meters.

Benefits of a solar water pump

  • Low operating costs

Unlike other water pumps, solar pumps use sunlight to generate enough power to pump water. Sunlight is available at no cost. This eliminates recurring costs that arise from dependence on gas and electricity.

  • Low maintenance

Solar water pumps function using fewer moving parts when compared to traditional water pumps. This reduces the chances of breaking down in the long run, hence reducing maintenance costs.

  • Environmentally friendly

Diesel and propane-powered water pumps produce noise and emit harmful gases. Solar water pumps do not require fuel. They are able to run on solar energy without producing any harmful substances that harm the landscaping environment.

  • Economical

In some areas, solar water pumps can provide an alternative source of income. Farmers that use solar water pumps for irrigation can sell surplus energy to the local grid. Governments across the world have also put in place subsidies for farmers who use solar water pumps.

What to consider before buying

  • Flow rate

The flow rate is the amount of water provided for use by the pump at a specific time interval. It is represented by the letter Q and is measured in gpm, m3/h, m3/s, or LPM. A gardener who wants to irrigate his garden needs a pump with a flow rate of about 10 gallons per minute (gpm).

  • Efficiency

A highly efficient solar water pump ensures that little to no energy is wasted. Efficiency measures the ration between power provided and power utilized by the pump. The best solar water pumps have an efficiency of between 70 and 90 percent.

  • Speed

A good solar water pump should pack enough revolutions per minute to distribute water throughout the pipelines to which is it’s connected. High-speed water pumps have a speed of up to 3,500 rpm. They ensure that you don’t have to wait for too long to access stored water.

  • Head

Head refers to how high a water pump can raise water. It shows the pressure at which a pump pumps water. The higher the pressure, the larger the distance water will be raised. Before buying a pump, you’ll need to first find out what flow rate and total head you need.

  • Power

The power of your water pump will also be determined by your water pumping needs. The average water pump has power ranging between 250 and 1,100 watts. To determine how much power a pump needs, multiply its wattage with the number of hours it will run then divide the result by 1000. This shows the number of kilowatt-hours used by the water pump.

Ways to limit water usage

  1. Turn off any faucets that are left running. Avoid letting the water run needlessly as you wash and rinse dishes, brush your teeth, shave, or wash your hands and face.
  2. Fix any leaks. Leakages can cause you to lose up to 20 gallons of water every day. Leaky toilets lose 100 times as much.
  3. Recycle the water you use to wash your vegetables and fruits. You can use it to irrigate your garden.
  4. Install dual sinks. These allow you to fill one sink with water for washing dishes and another for rinsing them instead of letting water run continuously.
  5. Take shorter showers. You can use a kitchen timer to limit the amount of time you spend in the shower.
  6. Consider buying a small and modern dishwasher. Modern dishwashers are designed to save lots of water. Consider scraping your dishes before loading them. This could save you up to 10 gallons of water daily.


Are solar pond pumps any good?

Solar pond pumps are some of the strongest water pumps available on the market today. They feature large solar panels that generate enough energy for both small and medium ponds. They pump water to sufficient heights and are cost-effective.

How many solar panels does it take to run a water pump?

A typical solar water pump may need anywhere between 5 and 15 solar panels. This depends on the amount of power needed to pump water to a certain height. An average panel produces about 300 Watts. A 2 horsepower water pump may require up to 15 of these to produce 4500 Watts.

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Home & Garden

Finding the Best Chew Proof Bed for a Dog





Chewing and dogs: is it normal?

It’s normal for dogs to chew items that you may have around the house. This includes furniture, shoes, and books. For many dog owners, this can become a huge problem, especially where important items are affected. One of the most effective ways of correcting this behavior is by training the dog to chew dog toys as you deviate it from chewing home items. Some owners use deterrents and chew-proof materials to cover important things.

Why do dogs chew their beds?

Dogs tear and chew their beds for the same reason they chew almost everything else. It’s fun and enjoyable for them. Other reasons may be to reduce stress, release excess energy, and to alleviate the sensation that comes from teething.

Sometimes, mouthing may be confused by chewing. Dogs use their mouths to feel the texture of an object. This is an exploratory activity that can be compared to how people use their hands to feel objects. However, if your dog is prone to destroying comforters, stuffed toys, pillows, beds, and couches, it may be responding to its ancestral hunting instincts.

These hunting instincts are the same ones used to hunt down prey. They remain intact within the dog even if it’s constantly fed on a shiny bowl. Destroying items also gives dogs a highly rewarding feeling. If your dog tends to tear up its bed, you may have to wait before replacing or buying a designer bed until you find a solution to the problem.

Which dogs need an indestructible dog bed?

Dogs from sporting and hunting breeds can chew their beds and other items their entire lives. These include setters, retrievers, and terriers. Some crosses of breeds get bored easily, making them turn to chewing as a way of making life a little more interesting.

Other dogs that chew a lot include small puppies with pushed-in faces and rounded skulls. These normally come from the brachycephalic breeds and tend to retain teeth that have failed to fall off. This creates discomfort within their mouths due to having too many crowded teeth. Puppies that grow with baby teeth can chew throughout their adult years.

If your dog falls under the above categories, it might be wise to purchase an indestructible dog bed for them. These beds are built with chew-proof material that doesn’t get ruined if bitten or chewed by your dog.

Do dogs grow out of it?

Yes and no. Puppies will generally start chewing when teething. This happens when they are 3 to 6 months old. Once their baby teeth fall off, they stop chewing a short while after. The discomfort that comes with teething normally wears off once the new teeth settle in.

Puppies aged between 6 months and one year may continue to chew long after they are done teething. This happens once they start exploring their surroundings using their mouths. There are different ways in which owners can prevent this exploratory phase from becoming a habit.

For some breeds, the habit of chewing comes from their hunting instincts. Dogs from sporting and hunting breeds can chew beds and other items their entire life. Such breeds include setters, retrievers, and terriers.

Indestructible dog bed features

Many indestructible dog beds feature a chew-proof and tough overall material. Some may be elevated from the ground with metal frames. Below are some of the features you may want to look for when buying an indestructible dog bed.

  1. High quality foam
  2. Heavy duty exterior cover
  3. Easy to clean material
  4. Abrasion-resistant
  5. Chew-resistant
  6. A variety of colors and sizes
  7. Orthopedic support
  8. Comfortable
  9. Scratch-resistant
  10. Waterproof

These beds are designed to withstand anything that dogs try to do to them. They are resistant to bites and prevent dogs from using their jaws to chew. Once the dog realizes that it can’t chew the bed, it eventually gives up.

How to choose the perfect unchewable dog bed

There are a few factors that you need to consider before picking a chew resistant dog bed. These help to ensure that you make the right financial decision. The best chew-proof dog bed will prevent your dog from tearing it up or causing it to wear out.

  • Fabric

The two common types of fabric used on chew-proof dog beds include the ballistic fabric and the ripstop fabric. The former is built to stop any aggressive actions and penetration resulting from a dog’s bite. In some cases, it’s designed to be water-resistant. As the name suggests, the ripstop fabric is designed to stop any rips that result from a dog’s bite. Unlike the Titan Ballistic fabric, it may not be able to resist that first rip.

  •  Washable

When searching for the best chew-proof dog bed, ensure that you pick one that’s easily washable. It helps to keep the dog bed clean and healthy for your dog.

  • Zippers

Zippers are the first breach points that dogs attack when they want to chew their beds. Consider picking a dog bed that has a hidden zipper or one that is shielded by a velcro flap. This makes it incredibly hard for the dog to reach the zipper which is the weakest part of the bed.

  • Support

The next thing to look at is the bed’s support system. Orthopedic memory foam is highly recommended as it has health benefits for dogs. It prevents joint strains that can cause hip dysplasia and arthritis. Unlike conventional dog beds, it’s built to relieve pressure points, enhance joint recovery, and support blood flow in dogs.

Chew proof indestructible dog bed cover

Chew-proof indestructible dog bed covers are built with ballistic fabric to prevent any tearing or ripping that may result from a dog’s bite. If you don’t have the money to go for a full indestructible dog bed, consider getting a chew-proof dog bed cover. It covers all the weak parts of an ordinary dog bed to prevent the dog from biting and chewing them.


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